how to use cbd oil for asthma

How to use CBD for asthma

by Formula Swiss May 02, 2019 4 min read

The use of medical marijuana has granted enormous benefits in the field of medicine. Cannabis is so well-known and popular these days among various countries of the world due to the never-ending discussions of it’s prevailing and potential virtues and qualities. As numerous studies show that CBD can be beneficial in fighting diseases like diabetes, hypertension, depression, anxiety, chronic inflammation and pain, cancer and heart diseases. People around the world are desperately in need of more research and follow work about the positive potentials that CBD can provide.

Asthma and its effects on the human body:

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder that makes a person difficult to breathe. This respiratory disease affects about 300 million people around the world. Though asthma is not considered a debilitating disease, it was responsible for 250,000 deaths in 2011. Since there is no solution available for asthma, the proper control of the disease can help reduce symptoms.

As asthma contains inflammation of air passages that results in narrowing of airways that transfers oxygen to the lungs. Asthma can have adverse effects on the human body by making it hard to breathe. When a normal person breathe the band of muscles are relaxed and air is easily moved around the body whereas a person affected with asthma has red, swollen bronchial tubes and inflammation in airways due to which environmental factors such as cold, dust, fumes can make the band of muscles tighter around the air passages resulting in shortness of breath and wheezing in asthma affected person.

Since asthma has no solution, but it is manageable, numerous options are available to control asthma, and CBD is one of them. As cannabis or CBD is famous for its anti-inflammatory properties, various studies have shown that it can be beneficial in patients affecting from asthma.

CBD for asthma:

There are many reasons for which you should be using CBD if you have asthma.

CBD is bronchodilator:

It has been proved in earlier research done in the 1970s that THC found in cannabis has a bronchodilatory effect. A 1973 study by Vachon et al. revealed that THC found in cannabis can dilate the respiratory air passages and inhibits bronchoconstriction, which is the main problem of asthma patients.

Another research published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics showed that CBD protects the lungs. The research was done on guinea pigs, and all cannabinoids including CBD, THC, CBN, CBG, CBC, CDA and THC-V were thoroughly examined. As a result, it was discovered that the cannabinoid THC and THC-V were the only ones to deal with bronchoconstriction.

CBD is anti-inflammatory:

Since asthma is a disease of chronic inflammation affecting the lung’s air passages. Patients with asthma suffer from low-level and persistent inflammation of bronchi and bronchioles even when asthma is not activated. During an attack, this inflammation increases resulting in constrictions caused by muscular contractions in bronchial tissue. The lungs of an asthma patient become temporarily narrowed resulting in difficulty in breathing.

As cannabinoids are found in human lung tissue and play a crucial rule in the regulation of inflammations, contraction and dilation of muscles and various metabolic processes, CBD produces anti-inflammatory properties by interacting with the cannabinoids present in human body. According to a study of Mediators of Inflammation, CBD contains potent immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory responses. CBD provides exaggerated inflammatory responses in the body due to which solution for asthma is possible.

CBD is antispasmodic:

A study published in 2014 disclosed that certain cannabinoids such as THC and CBD result in reduced muscular spasms. Muscular spasms or bronchospasm is a condition faced by asthma patients. Bronchospasm results in contraction and constriction of muscles in the lungs. The bronchi or bronchioles are made of smooth muscles, which during an asthma attack contracts, narrows and become inflamed leading to shortness of breath and thinning of air passages. According to Dr. Jessica Knox, two components that are CBD and alpha-penine found in cannabis strains have muscle spasm relief effect.

How to use CBD:

Though a 1970 study showed that smoking cannabis can widen the respiratory air passages and have positive effects on lungs as compared to smoking tobacco, but people are still hesitant to smoke cannabis. However most methods for asthma involves inhalers, it is a better alternative to used CBD vaporizers. Vaporizing CBD provides your body with maximum CBD content that helps in fighting asthma attacks. When CBD oil is vaporized it provides the maximum amount of concentration. Vaporizing CBD oil also does not have negative effects on a person’s throat or lungs.

Dr Dustin Sulak, a medical and cannabis physician stated that 90% of people with asthma can take single vaporize inhalation. If done right, then people will be able to breathe deeper, expand their lungs and relieve constriction. During an asthma attack, a CBD vaporizer or tincture is ideal as it will give immediate results without irritating the system. However, if vaporizing CBD leads to coughing or worsening of symptoms then Dr Sulak suggests using an edible form of CBD. But CBD oil edibles are not reliable when facing an attack.

Concluding it up, CBD oil or vaporizing CBD can benefit asthma patients in numerous ways. A daily dosing of CBD is required to get a baseline medication in the human system to control asthma more easily. Asthma patients can use CBD to improve their overall functions of the body, more importantly, their lungs. As studies reveal that CBD can be a controlling factor of asthma, many patients all over the world use CBD to manage their effects of asthma. Though asthma does not kill a person, the symptoms that an asthma patient faces is very devastating, this can sometimes result in deaths. Proper management of a chronic disease like asthma is necessary in order to avoid worsening of symptoms.

This article was written by an independent and third-party author specialising in CBD, hemp and cannabis research. Any opinion, advice or recommendation expressed in the article does not reflect the opinion of Formula Swiss AG or any of our employees. We do not make any claims about any of our products and refer to our disclaimer for more information.

There are many reasons for which you should be using CBD if you have asthma: 1) CBD is bronchodilator, 2) CBD is anti-inflammatory, 3) CBD is antispasmodic. CBD is famous for its anti-inflammatory properties. Find out more in this article.


cbd louisiana

Over 1,000 Louisiana businesses permitted to sell CBD products

BATON ROUGE, La. (WAFB) – Over 1000 Louisiana businesses are permitted to sell CBD products, an updated list from Louisiana’s Office of Alcohol and Tobacco Control (ATC) shows.

Governor John Bel Edwards signed a bill into law Sunday, June 6 allowing hemp-derived CBD products with a THC concentration of less than 0.3 percent to be legally sold in the state. On Monday, June 24 ATC issued its first permits.

Since then, ATC received more than 1,000 permit applications and permitted 1,102 businesses.

The full list of businesses with completed permits can be found here. The permit application is available online here.

Officials note selling or processing hemp for inhalation, as well as selling alcoholic beverages containing CBD is prohibited under Louisiana law, Officials have also stressed the importance of verifying products come from legitimate sources. Gummy products marketed as containing legal CBD were found to instead contain synthetic marijuana.

Over 1000 Louisiana businesses are permitted to sell CBD products, an updated list from Louisiana’s Office of Alcohol and Tobacco Control (ATC) shows.


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Buy CBD Syrups | Best CBD Syrup for Sale | CBD Hemp Syrup

Published on: 18 August 2020

Last updated on: 18 August 2020

  • What is CBD syrup?
  • Hemp Bombs
  • CBD Living
  • Green Roads
  • CBD Technologies

CBD syrup offers a sweet twist on traditional CBD oil tinctures. Used similarly to oils, CBD syrups bear a close resemblance to the sugary cough syrups so many of us enjoyed as children.

For those who struggle to work a healthy dose of CBD oil into their regular schedule, CBD syrups provide a much more enjoyable solution that is easier to stick with.

So, what exactly are CBD syrups, and where can you find the best CBD syrup for sale in 2020?

What is CBD syrup?

CBD syrups come in many different forms and flavours, but generally share many of the same features as cough syrups without the clinical feeling. While it very much depends on the brand, many syrups are designed so that they can be combined with desserts and other sweet treats.

CBD syrups have a much thicker texture than CBD oils, making them feel much more like an edible and, in turn, resulting in a much more satisfying experience. CBD syrups can be an extremely useful way to cut out sugary snacks, replacing them with a few healthy drops of cannabinoid-rich syrup.

To learn even more about CBD syrups and the qualities that make a useful and enjoyable syrup, make sure to head over to WayofLeaf , where you can find many in-depth articles discussing CBD and all of the different options available.

Hemp Bombs

Hemp Bombs syrups are made using an ultra-concentrated broad-spectrum CBD formula, packing a powerful CBD burst into each drop. Using a premium blend of calming ingredients, Hemp Bombs’ CBD is the perfect tool for relaxing after a long and stressful day.

To ensure that you have the best possible CBD experience, Hemp Bombs sells its CBD syrup in three concentration options: 100mg, 300mg, and 1000mg. Having different strengths gives you the ability to choose how much CBD you need at any one time.

Hemp Bombs uses a combination of natural and artificial flavourings to give each drop of syrup a sweet and decadent flavour. By combining vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol, Hemp Bombs created a smooth texture that helps to set its CBD syrup part from the crowd.

CBD Living

CBD Living’s CBD sleep aid syrup has been designed to help you wind down and end each day positively and upbeat. Available in two fruity flavours, grape and cherry, each drop of syrup fills you with a delicious burst of flavour.

Added melatonin works alongside the broad-spectrum nano-CBD hemp extract to provide calming effects ideal for use in the evening. The broad-spectrum formula ensures that you can enjoy a luxurious and THC-free blend of cannabinoids and terpenes.

CBD Living uses 100% natural ingredients to create their CBD syrup for a sweet treat that you can enjoy without having to feel guilty.

Green Roads

Green Roads’ flavoured syrups have been carefully crafted to provide you with a rich and healthy blend of cannabinoids while also reminding you of the thick, sweet syrups you enjoyed as a child. With three different flavours to choose from, grape, mango, and strawberry, Green Roads does an excellent job of recreating the syrups you loved as a child.

Compete with melatonin and natural herbs. Green Roads’ CBD syrup is ideal for evening use, helping you relax and unwind after a long and busy day. The full-spectrum CBD blend used in all three flavour options provides you with a rich combination of cannabinoids and terpenes for fast-acting and reliable effects.

As with all of the products, Green Roads sources all of its CBD from USA farms, allowing them to guarantee organic quality and an utterly THC-free formula.

CBD Technologies

CBD Technologies excels when it comes to giving its customers as much choice as possible. While we have all come to expect different concentration and flavour options, CBD Technologies has gone further.

There are five different elements that you can choose between when shopping for CBD syrup with CBD Technologies. Starting with the list of over 40 flavours and four concentrations, the fun of building your very own CBD syrup begins. You can then select the amount of syrup that you want along with whether you want your syrup to contain 5-HTP and melatonin.

All of CBD Technologies’ syrups are made using high-grade nano-technology CBD isolate, providing you with a completely THC-free syrup and a pure CBD dose. Using a combination of natural and artificial flavourings and colourings, CBD Technologies can deliver an extensive range of mouthwatering flavours.

The level of customisation makes CBD Technologies stand out as a brand that cares about its customers and ensures that they can experience CBD at its very best.

Peter Wallace has been an advocate for mental health awareness for years. He holds a master’s degree in counselling from the University of Edinburgh.

Disclaimer: Psychreg is mainly for information purposes only. Materials on this website are not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis, medical treatment, or therapy. Never disregard professional psychological or medical advice nor delay in seeking professional advice or treatment because of something you have read on this website. Read our full disclaimer here.

CBD syrup offers a sweet twist on traditional CBD oil tinctures.


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Pure Mystics of Salt Lake City, Utah supplies affordable full-spectrum CBD oil products. Buy our all-natural hemp-based tinctures online.


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hybrid cbd

Sativa vs. Indica: What to Expect Across Cannabis Types and Strains

The two main types of cannabis, sativa and indica, are used for a number of medicinal and recreational purposes.

Sativas are known for their “head high,” an invigorating, energizing effect that can help reduce anxiety or stress and increase creativity and focus.

Indicas are typically associated with full-body effects, such as increasing deep relaxation and reducing insomnia.

Although research examining these effects is limited, it appears these plants have more in common than previously thought.

In other words, the category, or type, of cannabis may not be the greatest indicator of the effects you’ll experience.

Here’s how to find the right plant for your needs, strains to consider, potential side effects, and more.

The often-applied rule of thumb is that sativas are more invigorating and energizing, while indicas are more relaxing and calming — but it isn’t really that simple.

Individual plants produce varying effects, even among the same type of cannabis. It all depends on the plant’s chemical composition and the growing technique used.

Instead of looking at the type alone — sativa or indica — look at the description the grower and dispensary provide.

Oftentimes, the plant types are broken down into specific strains, or breeds.

Strains are distinguished by their individual cannabinoid and terpene content. These compounds are what determine the strain’s overall effects.


Cannabis plants contain dozens of chemical compounds called cannabinoids.

These naturally occurring components are responsible for producing many of the effects — both negative and positive — of cannabis use.

Researchers still don’t understand what all of the cannabinoids do, but they have identified two main ones — tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) — as well as several less common compounds.

  • THC. THC is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis plants. It’s responsible for the “high” or state of euphoria associated with cannabis use. Levels of THC have been increasing as growers try to create hybrids with a greater concentration of the compound.
  • CBD. CBD is non-psychoactive. It doesn’t cause a “high.” However, it may produce many physical benefits, such as reducing pain and nausea, preventing seizures, and easing migraine.
  • CBN. Cannabinol (CBN) is used to ease symptoms and side effects of neurological conditions, including epilepsy, seizures, and uncontrollable muscle stiffness.
  • THCA. Tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA) is similar to THC, but it doesn’t cause any psychoactive effects. Its potential benefits include reducing inflammation from arthritis and autoimmune diseases. It may also help reduce symptoms of neurological conditions like Parkinson’s disease and ALS.
  • CBG. Cannabigerol (CBG) is thought to help reduce anxiety and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression.


A great deal of attention is paid to the amount of THC and CBD in a given strain, but newer research suggests that terpenes may be just as impactful.

Terpenes are another naturally occurring compound in the cannabis plant.

The terpenes present directly affect the plant’s smell. They may also influence the effects produced by specific strains.

According to Leafly, common terpenes include:

  • Bisabolol. With notes of chamomile and tea tree oil, the terpene bisabolol is thought to reduce inflammation and irritation. It may also have microbial and pain-reducing effects.
  • Caryophyllene. The peppery, spicy molecule may reduce anxiety, ease symptoms of depression, and improve ulcers.
  • Linalool. Linalool is said to help improve relaxation and boost mood with its floral notes.
  • Myrcene. The most common terpene, this earthy, herbal molecule may help reduce anxiety and insomnia so you can sleep better.
  • Ocimene. This terpene produces notes of basil, mango, and parsley. Its primary effects may include easing congestion and warding off viruses and bacteria.
  • Pinene. As the name suggests, this terpene produces an intense pine aroma. It may help boost memory, reduce pain, and ease some of the not-so-pleasant symptoms of THC, such as nausea and coordination problems.
  • Terpinolene. Cannabis with this compound may smell like apples, cumin, and conifers. It may have sedative, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.
  • Limonene. Bright, zippy citrus notes come from this terpene. It’s said to improve mood and reduce stress.
  • Humulene. This terpene is deeply earthy and woody, like hops or cloves. Cannabis strains with this molecule may reduce inflammation.
  • Eucalyptol. With notes of eucalyptus and tea tree oil, this molecule is refreshing and invigorating. It may also reduce inflammation and fight bacteria.

Sativa and indica are the two main types of cannabis plants. The often-applied rule of thumb is that sativas are more invigorating and energizing, while indicas are more relaxing and calming — but this is an immense oversimplification. Here's how to find the right plant for your needs, strains to consider, and more.


cbd for muscle recovery

CBD for muscle recovery after sport

People’s health can be maintained and promoted through many things. Sport is an important part of this. Indeed, physical exercise plays a major role in maintaining health, especially in relation to the muscles. It is well known that muscle recovery after sport plays an important role in the process of muscle building.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the best known and most important components of the cannabis plant, in fact, it does not produce any psychoactive effects. This article reports on how CBD could help in muscle recovery after sports.

Sore muscles

After an intensive physical workout, aching muscles usually follow the next day. The reason to this is that someone unaccustomed to eccentric exercises (active motion of a muscle while it is lengthening under load), leads to injury in the muscle fibres.

To heal these injuries, inflammatory substances are flushed out of our body and the damaged parts are rebuilt. During this process people may perceive the well-known muscle soreness. However, pain can be evoked by palpation, stretch and muscle contraction, for this reason, it should be called tenderness, rather than a soreness. This condition can persist for 4-5 days[1].

Many people stretch their muscle groups before and after training in order to prevent or reduce muscle soreness. However, evidence suggests that it does not produce any reduction in delayed-onset muscle soreness in healthy adults[2]. Therefore, in order to ensure a better regeneration after sports, CBD might be very interesting for athletes and sports physicians.

How can CBD help to the muscles regeneration?

The human body possesses an endocannabinoid system (ECS), comprising endogenous ligands (endocannabinoids) and receptors. These receptors also work with cannabidiol or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the two main active components found in the cannabis plant, also called exogenous cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids. The interaction causes changes in the cells of many tissues, essentials for the normal functioning of the whole body.[3]

Through this interaction, cannabidiol has shown the ability to produce many healing and calming properties. Concerning with sport, however, it is advisable to primarily focus on the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD, given by the inhibition of the pro-inflammatory NF-kB signalling[4]. Due to its anti-inflammatory potential, the regeneration of the muscles can progress faster, and the muscle soreness can then be prevented.

Cannabidiol can be taken in many different forms, whether oil, cream, capsule or tea. In order to relieve sore muscles, it is best to use a cannabidiol balm or cream and place it directly on the affected muscle area. Many studies have shown a big concentration of endocannabinoid receptors (CB1/CB2) on the skin, and because of this, cannabinoids like CBD can be easily absorbed through the skin. The interaction results in suppression of inflammation of resident and infiltrating immune cells[5].

CBD, sleep and muscle recovery

During the night, the body’s own growth hormones are released, which lead to muscle growth. In addition, the repair mechanisms of small injuries in the muscles (muscle soreness) is most efficient during sleep.

Consequently, the better the sleep is, the better these mechanisms can work against the wounds. In general, muscle recovery can be affected by sleep restriction/deprivation[6].

In addition to the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD, evidence points towards a calming effect. As a consequence, a better feeling of well-being is triggered (anti-anxiety), followed by better sleep. Athletes can take advantage from this effect because the muscle recovery process would be accelerated[7].

In conclusion, CBD may help in faster muscle regeneration after sports through its anti-inflammatory properties and by also improving sleep. Through faster regeneration, the body can handle new tasks a lot more efficiently with less handicap. Since many professional athletes are already benefiting from the use of this substance, more and more amateur athletes are now discovering the positive properties of CBD for themselves. Nevertheless, further studies should be undertaken to further investigate the complete process behind the action of CBD on muscle recovery.

Did you like the post? Give us some feedback! This post has been done based on existent research to the date of publication of the article. Due to the increase in studies based on medical cannabis, the information provided can vary over time and we’ll keep informing in further writings.

[1]Proske, U. (2005). Muscle tenderness from exercise: mechanisms? The Journal of Physiology, 564(1), 1–1. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2005.085514

[2] Herbert, R. D., de Noronha, M., & Kamper, S. J. (2011). Stretching to prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.cd004577.pub3

[3] Lu, H.-C., & Mackie, K. (2016). An Introduction to the Endogenous Cannabinoid System. Biological Psychiatry, 79(7), 516–525. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.07.028

[4] Oláh, A., Tóth, B. I., Borbíró, I., Sugawara, K., Szöllõsi, A. G., Czifra, G., … Bíró, T. (2014). Cannabidiol exerts sebostatic and antiinflammatory effects on human sebocytes. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 124(9), 3713–3724. doi:10.1172/jci64628

[6] Shannon, Scott et al. “Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series.” The Permanente journal vol. 23 (2019): 18-041. doi:10.7812/TPP/18-041

Cannabinoid expert. Copywritter focused on medical information. Searching for the last investigations of medical cannabis around the world.

Sport helps us to be healthier. However, it may be interesting for athletes to use CBD in muscle recovery after sports.


ethanol vs co2 extraction cbd

Ethanol vs CO2 Extraction CBD: Pros & Cons of Each Method

Ethanol and carbon dioxide extraction methods are incredibly different as they are used to achieve two different results. While it is possible to extract pure CBD with ethanol, the process dissolves other unwanted compounds so it is not ideal. This is why carbon dioxide is often used to produce pure CBD oil, however, the process is time-intensive and the machinery is costly. This post explains both methods and their best use cases.

Ethanol Extraction Methods

• Ethanol extraction happens under either warm or cold conditions in a single stream. There are many different warm and cold ethanol extraction processes such as the Soxhlet technique .

• Even though extraction is possible under warm and cold conditions, ethanol extractions usually take place at room temperature as it allows for the retention of cannabinoid acid that can be used to make shatters and other crystals .

• During this process, ethanol is used as a solvent that is passed over the plant material to dissolve active plant compounds .

• Extracting CBD by ethanol is classified as safe by the FDA , and is often used to extract food for food and medicine.


◦ It is the best way to create full-spectrum hemp extracts and tinctures.

◦ Much less solvent is needed to carry out extraction, meaning there is more storage space for the cannabis and the extract.

◦ Ethanol extraction operations are simple to set up and only requires an energy consumption of 20% .


◦ Because of its polar nature, a CBD extraction purity of 80% or more is difficult to achieve since it is pulling other soluble components such as chlorophyll.

◦ Ethanol has a higher boiling point than hydrocarbons such as butane or propane, which makes the recovery process slower and a bit more difficult than extraction using those compounds.

◦ There most likely will be more steps needed to get a pure CBD extract after an ethanol extraction is complete.

Carbon Dioxide Extraction Methods

• Carbon dioxide is preferred by many due to its non-toxic nature and because it can produce a more potent extract .

• For this method, carbon dioxide is held at a critical pressure and temperature known as a supercritical state . Here, the compound is both a gas and liquid simultaneously and helps heat-sensitive nutrients and substances to come out of the hemp intact and unaltered .

• Then, the gas & liquid carbon dioxide in solution with cannabinoid substances are pushed through a sieving material to extract potent CBD oil .


◦ Carbon dioxide is preferred in some environments because it offers a toxin-free method of extracting CBD.

◦ At a certain point, the carbon dioxide is held at a critical pressure and temperature known as a supercritical state . Here, the compound is both a gas and liquid simultaneously and helps heat-sensitive nutrients and substances to come out intact and unaltered .

◦ CO2 is non-flammable , which means fewer hazards compared to other solvents such as ethanol.

◦ Additionally, CO2 can be reused because it is used in a closed-loop process .


◦ This process takes a bit longer than other methods such as ethanol extraction and requires expensive machinery to run.

◦ Because of its longer and more aggressive nature, this process could cause some damage to the cannabinoids and the terpenoids in the extract.

Ethanol vs CO2 Extraction CBD: Pros & Cons of Each Method Ethanol and carbon dioxide extraction methods are incredibly different as they are used to achieve two different results. While it is


harvest cbd

How and When to Harvest Hemp

Home » How and When to Harvest Hemp

FAQs in this post –

Unsuitable harvesting can render countless acres of viable hemp useless. That’s why it’s so vital to consider your final product and the quality you hope to achieve before choosing the appropriate harvesting method. And with thousands of uses for hemp, the answer is not always so obvious. Moreover, the harvest method you choose must produce a legally compliant crop that tests below .3% THC, and is safe to ingest. In order to be sure of that, you must meticulously time your harvest and test samples of the crop throughout the lifecycle.

At ACS Laboratory, we offer testing solutions for every step of the hemp cultivation process and have compiled a list of frequently asked harvesting questions to help set you up for success. With your product, compliance and product safety in mind, let’s dive into the details of how and when to harvest your hemp.


When is hemp harvest season?

Unlike perennial plants that come and go each year, hemp is an annual plant . That means under most circumstances it grows from a seed to a plant in 90-120 days and its buds blossom once before dying off for the next crops to be planted. Hemp is affected by seasonal changes so once the days start to shorten, the crop stops growing tall and begins producing flower buds instead. That’s why the busy season for hemp harvesting in most states is October , also known as Croptober .

However, if you’re growing indoors, technically you can create Croptober all year ‘round by altering temperatures, lighting, moisture and other required conditions. Additionally in warmer climates with proper greenhouse support you may be able to achieve 2 turns a year. This would include 6-8 weeks in the greenhouse and 8-10 weeks in the field for full bloom. The key is to test your product throughout its lifecycle and create an ideal growth environment based on your location and capabilities. Then inspect your plants to ensure that they’ve matured to an optimal stage before you begin harvest.

Can hemp crops be harvested by hand?

Yes. While this process is time consuming and may be costly, sometimes hand harvesting is the optimal choice. If you’re growing hemp for smokable flower or CBD extraction, you may opt to cut the plants by hand to ensure that you carefully collect and maintain the integrity of each bud. Additionally, if you have a small farm or lack access to machinery, you may also want to harvest by hand. In this case you may use tobacco knives or shearers to cut the plants before loading them on to trailers and carefully transporting them to a facility for drying and curing.

But harvesting by hand is also time-consuming and labor-intensive, so if you’re a first-time hemp cultivator, start small with an acre or less. Then, keep track of the time and manpower it takes to harvest your hemp plants so you can plan accordingly. For example, if you do not have enough manpower to harvest your crops before they are over-mature, you may accidentally produce a plant with THC higher than .3%. At that point, you must destroy your entire harvest and risk losing the time and money you invested.

Can hemp be harvested with a combine?

Yes – If you are harvesting hemp for its seeds (grain), you may utilize a combine . For this purpose, combine harvesting is highly efficient due to its ability to cut a swath about 40 feet wide through a field. Combines are optimal when harvesting hemp seeds on a wide scale, but they can easily shatter seeds at moisture levels lower than 15%. Combines can also increase levels of microbial contamination if hail or rain flattens the swath of plants into the ground. So you must assess your field for swathing potential and carefully adjust your settings for optimal combine harvesting. According to the Canandian Hemp Trade Alliance (CHTA), you will need to experiment with ground speed, concave openings, and air speed.

CHTA suggests the following as a starting point:

  • Cylinder Speed – 450 – 600 rpm
  • Concave – 30 – 50 mm
  • Wind – 1070 rpm
  • Sieve – 3mm
  • Chaffer – 10mm

How do I harvest smokable hemp flower?

Hemp flowers are very delicate and easy to bruise, which is why most farmers harvest smokable hemp flowers by hand. Harvesting by hand will ensure your hemp flower heads remain clean and their resin trichomes remain intact. Unharmed and mature resin trichomes are vital for smokable hemp flower because they contain most of the full spectrum of cannabinoids (CBD and THC) and terpenes that produce the plant’s flavor, fragrance and therapeutic effects.

For the most efficient hand harvest, you may want to identify the sections where the flowers are the biggest and densest–and start there. Then you’ll cut roughly a foot and a half to two-foot sections of the plants going mostly for the top flowers. In order to conduct this process efficiently, you will need to ensure that you have the right amount of labor based on the number of acres of land you have. For reference, the director of operations and farmer for Swan Lake farms in Oregon, Landon Butterfield said 15 people were able to hand harvest 5 to 6 acres of flowers per day.

When do I harvest hemp for smokable flower?

If harvesting hemp for smokable flower, you probably want it to contain high levels of CBD. You may also want it to contain a delicate balance of terpenes to provide the aroma and flavor you desire. This will provide a high-quality product that customers expect from smokable hemp. But several factors such as environmental conditions and nutrient levels can prevent the plant from reaching the cannabinoid profile you desire. That’s why it’s important to test early, at the vegetative phase to ensure your final plant meets the requirements.

After the vegetative phase, you’ll want to harvest the plant when it is abundant with mature flower heads. If looking through a microscope, the trichomes –tiny hairs growing on the plant–should be a milky white instead of translucent. This indicates that it contains a high concentration of cannabinoids. After harvest, you must ensure that the plant is properly ventilated, without direct sunlight and in a comfortable climate between 60-70° F to prevent contamination and preserve its genetic profile. At this point you’ll want to test your flower to confirm its potency of CBD, THC and terpenes. You’ll also want to guarantee that your harvest is free of toxins such as mildew, bacteria, and pesticides to name a few. At ACS Laboratory, we offer comprehensive flower potency and safety testing to guarantee the quality and compliance of your smokable hemp flower.

How do I harvest hemp for industrial fiber?

Hemp stalks are known for their incredible yield of fibre which can be used for everything from textiles, clothes, and paper. If you’re growing hemp for fibre from its stalks, you’ll want to plant them in close proximity for maximum yield and select seeds that grow tall. Once they are ready for harvest, the process is much less precise and easier than harvesting hemp for its seeds or flowers.

All that you need is specialized equipment for cutting hemp for fibre. According to CHTA, you can use a discbine, a disc mower, or a straight sickle mower for best results. One major advantage of the discbine in particular is that it can cut at speeds of 9mph, much higher than average machinery. If you are harvesting hemp for textiles however, you may want to use a straight sickle mower which leaves stems in tact and neatly organized directly on the ground. All hemp should be harvested approximately 10 cm above the ground to prevent cutting through hard woody portion and ensure that your cutting has much of the fibrous stems as possible. Once harvested, you’ll want to facilitate drying to reduce the potential for mold.

When do I harvest hemp for industrial fiber?

If you’re growing hemp for its stalks and fibre content, you do not need to consider precise levels of cannabinoids or terpenes when determining when to harvest. However you must still ensure that your plant has grown to its optimal height, contains less than .3% THC and is contaminant-free. That means you must carefully choose your seeds based on its strain genetics and test early in the pre-harvest phase to ensure that the crop is clean and contains the amount of THC you expect.

If you’re growing hemp for fibre, you’ll want to harvest the plant when you’ve achieved the maximum volume and quality of stalks. This point is reached prior to seed set and the dying off of the male plants, which can occur between 90-100 days. Generally, you’ll want to harvest your hemp when its flowers first emerge and then store them in a way that prevents over moisturization, which causes mold. Before processing your hemp you’ll want to double check it is below the THC limit and that it is free of any toxins that may compromise the finished product. At ACS we test industrial hemp plants for THC potency and a broad spectrum of possible contaminants.

How do I harvest hemp planned for CBD extraction?

Just like smokeable flower (link to section above) , hemp for CBD extraction is harvested for its flower heads, which contain the bulk of cannabinoids that are later extracted into CBD oils, waxes and creams. That means you’ll likely want to hand harvest your crop utilizing the amount of labor and tools you need to efficiently conduct this precise process.

When to harvest hemp for maximum cannabinoids?

Similar to the process of harvesting hemp for smokeable flower (link to section above) , you’ll want to harvest hemp for CBD extraction when its buds mature to optimal potency. You’ll also want to be on the lookout for mildews and molds, which could compromise the hemp’s floral biomass. As with smokable flower, you may want to test your hemp-for-CBD-extraction early and often for potency to ensure its reaching the level you seek. You also need to test for THC to ensure your crop stays below the legal limit. In addition to potency testing, you’ll want to test for contaminants such as metals, mold, and bacteria throughout the crop’s entire lifecycle.

How do I harvest hemp for seeds?

Hemp seeds, which gather around the heads of the plant are great sources of oils and grains that can be used in food, cosmetics and supplements. If you’re growing hemp for seed production you’ll want to select strains that are shorter in stature with lower fibre production. Then once you’re ready to harvest you may want to use combines to efficiently cut swaths of the plant and prepare for post harvest production. According to the CHTA, Canadian producers have identified the following techniques for best combine practices:

  • Use draper heads because they leave more room for hemp heads
  • Experiment with ground speed, concave openings, sieves, wind speed. See best starting settings above (link to section above).
  • Monitor grain tank and adjust concave to minimize cracking of grain
  • Combine at 15 to 18% moisture.
  • See full list here

When do I harvest seeds from hemp plants?

If you’re harvesting hemp for seeds, cannabinoid and terpene potency don’t really matter except for the 0.3% THC limit. Because of the potential to lose your entire crop if it tests above the legal limit, it’s important to test pre-harvest, during vegetation and after harvest to ensure that it remains compliant.

For optimal harvest, you’ll want to assess female plants at the stage that provides optimum seed yield with minimal immature seeds. When visually inspecting, make sure that the seed heads (buds) are still mostly green. You may notice a few leaves on the seed head turning a brownish color. The stem fibres will have shed most of their leaves, but will not be completely matured. When the seeds at the base of the stem and leaf stalk at the bottom of the seed head begin to turn gray, you’ll know it’s time to harvest. Once your crop is harvested, you’ll want to submit samples for testing to guarantee that is free of mold, mildew, pesticides, and other harmful contaminants.

Understanding how and when to harvest your hemp, along with the tests you need to ensure the product matches your customers’ (and the government’s) expectations is no simple feat. But the opportunities to create a thriving brand and lucrative product are limitless. Through education, trial and error, and testing, you’ll be ready to harvest your hemp for successful commercial sale. Contact the team at ACS Laboratory to learn more about our accredited hemp testing services.

ACS Laboratory in Tampa, FL – How and When to Harvest Hemp . We're an ISO17025 Certified laboratory dedicated to servicing the cannabis and hemp industries from cultivation through to MMTCs and recreational dispensaries.


how old do you have to be to buy cbd

How Old Do You Have to be to Buy CBD?

While it’s true that age is just a number, some ages come with added pomp and circumstance — and privileges. In most states, kids that are 15 can apply and receive a learner’s permit and a driver’s license a year later at 16. One year after that, and you’re allowed to purchase a ticket to an R-rated movie without an adult present. One year after that is a major milestone — the big 1-8 — which grants you the right to do everything from enlist in the military to gamble at a casino. And, of course, you can legally drink alcohol in the United States at the age of 21.

Can you guess what wasn’t included in that rundown? The legal age to buy cannabidiol (CBD). If you’re here, you’re probably wondering how old do you have to be to buy CBD? Like most regulations involving this wonderous compound, the answer rests squarely in a bit of a gray area.

Why would age matter when buying CBD?

Depending on who you ask, you’re bound to get a variety of responses on why age would matter when buying CBD, but the most popular is because CBD is a compound derived from the cannabis plant. Yes, that cannabis plant, the same one where THC comes from. Though CBD and THC are both cannabinoids and share the same molecular formula, there’s one big difference between the two : CBD does not induce a euphoric high like THC does.

The other reason why age could be a consideration when it comes to consumers is that the CBD industry is unregulated. Unlike other substances that fall under the food and drug label, there’s no federal authority overseeing the production and distribution of CBD products. Despite that lack of governance, there are ways to protect yourself when making a CBD purchase. You should only buy products that come with a Certificate of Analysis (COA) from a third-party accredited lab. These reports provide details on each specific product, including the levels of infused CBD and other cannabinoids. A COA is the only real way to ensure you’re getting the product you think you are.

Is CBD legal to buy?

Before we talk about the minimum age needed to buy CBD, we should provide some context around its legality. Despite the fact that the 2018 Farm Bill made CBD legal on a federal level, individual states can enact their own laws — and some have — which outweigh the federal regulations. If you do some digging into if CBD is legal , you’ll find that there are 10 states (plus the District of Columbia) that allow for the use of cannabis for both medicinal and recreational purposes. And that, of course, includes CBD. Additionally, there are 37 other states that are generally OK with the use of CBD, providing it has less than 0.3% THC. That leaves Idaho, Nebraska, and South Dakota as the three states with specific wording in place or legislation open to interpretation that deems CBD illegal.

How old do you have to be to buy CBD?

Assuming you live in one of the 47 states where it’s kosher to purchase CBD products, there is generally no age minimum. That is because CBD is nonintoxicating, meaning it does not give you a high, nor does it require a prescription from a physician. It’s important to also mention that CBD is often portrayed as a useful product for pets and that the U.S. Food & Drug Administration has approved the use of a plant-based formulation of CBD for patients as young as 2-years-old with certain forms of epilepsy.

However, there are some instances where a minimum age could come into play. Smoke shops that sell CBD may require their customers to be 18 to either enter or purchase products from the store. Some CBD companies with online storefronts might also request that customers verify they are 18 years of age or older before purchase.

In any event, it’s in your best interest to check with your local authorities before making a purchase if you think your age could be a legal concern.

Benefits of CBD

Now that we’ve shed some light on how old you have to be to buy CBD, we thought it’d be a good time to remind you about the benefits of using the compound. Among the list of top 10 CBD oil benefits , you’ll find that it relieves pain and inflammation, reduces anxiety, improves mood, promotes heart health, and can aid in the treatment of cancer. With few side effects and a safe rating from the World Health Organization , CBD has proven to be the answer for people (and pets) of a variety of ages.

There's no age restriction for purchasing CBD products, but some websites or online retailers may have you thinking differently. Learn more about the legality of CBD before buying.