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how to use cbd oil for asthma

How to use CBD for asthma

by Formula Swiss May 02, 2019 4 min read

The use of medical marijuana has granted enormous benefits in the field of medicine. Cannabis is so well-known and popular these days among various countries of the world due to the never-ending discussions of it’s prevailing and potential virtues and qualities. As numerous studies show that CBD can be beneficial in fighting diseases like diabetes, hypertension, depression, anxiety, chronic inflammation and pain, cancer and heart diseases. People around the world are desperately in need of more research and follow work about the positive potentials that CBD can provide.

Asthma and its effects on the human body:

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder that makes a person difficult to breathe. This respiratory disease affects about 300 million people around the world. Though asthma is not considered a debilitating disease, it was responsible for 250,000 deaths in 2011. Since there is no solution available for asthma, the proper control of the disease can help reduce symptoms.

As asthma contains inflammation of air passages that results in narrowing of airways that transfers oxygen to the lungs. Asthma can have adverse effects on the human body by making it hard to breathe. When a normal person breathe the band of muscles are relaxed and air is easily moved around the body whereas a person affected with asthma has red, swollen bronchial tubes and inflammation in airways due to which environmental factors such as cold, dust, fumes can make the band of muscles tighter around the air passages resulting in shortness of breath and wheezing in asthma affected person.

Since asthma has no solution, but it is manageable, numerous options are available to control asthma, and CBD is one of them. As cannabis or CBD is famous for its anti-inflammatory properties, various studies have shown that it can be beneficial in patients affecting from asthma.

CBD for asthma:

There are many reasons for which you should be using CBD if you have asthma.

CBD is bronchodilator:

It has been proved in earlier research done in the 1970s that THC found in cannabis has a bronchodilatory effect. A 1973 study by Vachon et al. revealed that THC found in cannabis can dilate the respiratory air passages and inhibits bronchoconstriction, which is the main problem of asthma patients.

Another research published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics showed that CBD protects the lungs. The research was done on guinea pigs, and all cannabinoids including CBD, THC, CBN, CBG, CBC, CDA and THC-V were thoroughly examined. As a result, it was discovered that the cannabinoid THC and THC-V were the only ones to deal with bronchoconstriction.

CBD is anti-inflammatory:

Since asthma is a disease of chronic inflammation affecting the lung’s air passages. Patients with asthma suffer from low-level and persistent inflammation of bronchi and bronchioles even when asthma is not activated. During an attack, this inflammation increases resulting in constrictions caused by muscular contractions in bronchial tissue. The lungs of an asthma patient become temporarily narrowed resulting in difficulty in breathing.

As cannabinoids are found in human lung tissue and play a crucial rule in the regulation of inflammations, contraction and dilation of muscles and various metabolic processes, CBD produces anti-inflammatory properties by interacting with the cannabinoids present in human body. According to a study of Mediators of Inflammation, CBD contains potent immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory responses. CBD provides exaggerated inflammatory responses in the body due to which solution for asthma is possible.

CBD is antispasmodic:

A study published in 2014 disclosed that certain cannabinoids such as THC and CBD result in reduced muscular spasms. Muscular spasms or bronchospasm is a condition faced by asthma patients. Bronchospasm results in contraction and constriction of muscles in the lungs. The bronchi or bronchioles are made of smooth muscles, which during an asthma attack contracts, narrows and become inflamed leading to shortness of breath and thinning of air passages. According to Dr. Jessica Knox, two components that are CBD and alpha-penine found in cannabis strains have muscle spasm relief effect.

How to use CBD:

Though a 1970 study showed that smoking cannabis can widen the respiratory air passages and have positive effects on lungs as compared to smoking tobacco, but people are still hesitant to smoke cannabis. However most methods for asthma involves inhalers, it is a better alternative to used CBD vaporizers. Vaporizing CBD provides your body with maximum CBD content that helps in fighting asthma attacks. When CBD oil is vaporized it provides the maximum amount of concentration. Vaporizing CBD oil also does not have negative effects on a person’s throat or lungs.

Dr Dustin Sulak, a medical and cannabis physician stated that 90% of people with asthma can take single vaporize inhalation. If done right, then people will be able to breathe deeper, expand their lungs and relieve constriction. During an asthma attack, a CBD vaporizer or tincture is ideal as it will give immediate results without irritating the system. However, if vaporizing CBD leads to coughing or worsening of symptoms then Dr Sulak suggests using an edible form of CBD. But CBD oil edibles are not reliable when facing an attack.

Concluding it up, CBD oil or vaporizing CBD can benefit asthma patients in numerous ways. A daily dosing of CBD is required to get a baseline medication in the human system to control asthma more easily. Asthma patients can use CBD to improve their overall functions of the body, more importantly, their lungs. As studies reveal that CBD can be a controlling factor of asthma, many patients all over the world use CBD to manage their effects of asthma. Though asthma does not kill a person, the symptoms that an asthma patient faces is very devastating, this can sometimes result in deaths. Proper management of a chronic disease like asthma is necessary in order to avoid worsening of symptoms.

This article was written by an independent and third-party author specialising in CBD, hemp and cannabis research. Any opinion, advice or recommendation expressed in the article does not reflect the opinion of Formula Swiss AG or any of our employees. We do not make any claims about any of our products and refer to our disclaimer for more information.

There are many reasons for which you should be using CBD if you have asthma: 1) CBD is bronchodilator, 2) CBD is anti-inflammatory, 3) CBD is antispasmodic. CBD is famous for its anti-inflammatory properties. Find out more in this article.

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Buy CBD Oil in Atlanta

CBD Oil in Atlanta

The sweet southern city of Atlanta, Georgia is a dynamic mix of rich history and pure charm. Full of energy and innovation, this extraordinary capital is considered a “beta +” world city, earning this classification because of the impacts Atlanta makes on technology, art, education, research, and more. With the rapidly moving pace of the main city, juxtapositioned with the relaxed Southern climate in the surrounding area, you can find a bit of everything in this eclectic area of Georgia. Located at the foothills of the Appalachian mountains, you can enjoy beautiful naturescapes, picture-perfect skylines, or even visit the Chattahoochee River Recreation Area for a fun change of pace. Atlanta has so much to offer both locals and tourists. This boisterous city contains many darling neighborhoods and is home to nearly 500,000 residents of beautifully diverse interests, places of origin, and cultures. Because of this large, lively climate, it makes sense that Atlanta would be an ideal city to find many innovative health and wellness options, including the ever-growing variety of CBD products and supplements taking the wellness industry by storm. This “wonder supplement” is being added to the daily routines of thousands and making huge impacts on people’s everyday lives.

I’ve Heard a Lot about CBD – What Is It?

If you are someone who tries to stay up-to-date on the latest health and wellness trends, there is a good chance you may have heard of CBD. Often touted as a wonder supplement, we now see CBD everywhere in Atlanta, GA – in coffee shops that sell CBD drinks, in spas which offer CBD facials and skin treatments, in stores that sell any number of CBD products, both for people and pets. There is a great deal of buzz about CBD oil in Atlanta, GA, and all of the benefits it offers to those who use it. In truth, however, there is also a lot of confusion about what CBD is – and what it isn’t.

At The Hemp Doctor, we are aware that there is a tendency to associate CBD with marijuana, as many are aware that CBD is derived from the cannabis plant. While this assumption is understandable, it is actually based on misinformation. In truth, there are actually two types of cannabis plants: the marijuana plant, and the hemp plant. While similar in many ways, marijuana plants produce higher levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the ingredient that makes users feel “stoned,” and contains lower amounts of cannabinoids. The opposite is true for hemp, which produces lower levels of THC and higher levels of cannabinoids. Many mistakenly assume that CBD is derived from the marijuana plant when, in fact, it is derived from the hemp plant. As a result, CBD and marijuana function very differently within the body. CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the cannabis plant. Unlike its cousin, THC, which is found in high levels in marijuana, CBD is not psychoactive. As a result, those who use it can benefit from its usage without the psychoactive side effects they may not desire.

The Hemp Doctor Difference

Clearly, the benefits of CBD are many, but as with any product, not all CBD products are created equal. In truth, a product is only as beneficial and effective as the methods used to manufacture it and the material from which it is sourced. That is why it is very important to choose CBD products sold by a reputable provider – one that uses the highest quality manufacturing standards and sources its CBD from plants that are grown with quality standards from the ground up. The Hemp Doctor is exactly such a provider.

The Hemp Doctor is committed to providing its customers with pure, organic, bioavailable products at a reasonable and affordable price. When customers purchase The Hemp Doctor products, they are receiving a product made with the most advanced nanotechnology available.

All products are created beginning with The Hemp Doctor’s natural proprietary strain of phytocannabinoid-rich hemp, which we grow in the nutrient-rich soils of Colorado and North Carolina. That hemp is grown using only 100% organic practices and using a high-tech farming process and milling method that simultaneously enriches the quality of our hemp. This ensures that it is non-toxic and free of all of the harsh chemicals, solvents, and pesticides that you don’t want.

Our proprietary hemp extraction process guarantees that nearly all of our beneficial hemp-derived cannabinoids and terpenes are preserved, and unwanted compounds that aren’t beneficial are purged. As a result, every drop of our phytocannabinoid-rich (PCR) hemp oil contains more than 100 beneficial cannabinoids for a truly beneficial product. In addition, we are proud to be able to assure our customers that all of our products are tested according to the highest quality standards. We test in-house and verify that testing through independent third-party labs that use exacting and highly refined HPLC testing methods. We believe that accurately testing our products to ensure their purity and quality is important, and that our customers deserve only the best.

Even though The Hemp Doctor does not have a retail store in Atlanta, you can buy CBD oil in Atlanta by visiting our website. We have Free Shipping with USPS!

What Types of Products Are Offered for Those Who Want to Buy CBD Oil in Atlanta?

At The Hemp Doctor, one thing we know for certain is that each person, each customer, is unique. We are all on our own journeys. Each of us has a different history, a different set of life circumstances, and different goals that we hope to achieve. As a result, we know that there is no “one-size-fits-all” product. What might be perfectly ideal for one person isn’t necessarily a good fit for the next. That’s why we offer a wide variety of products – we have something for everyone. Whether you want to buy CBD oil in Atlanta or anywhere else in the US, The Hemp Doctor offers free shipping online with USPS. Some of the products we offer include:

  • Edibles: Let’s be honest – who doesn’t love candy? We offer a variety of edibles in delicious forms – from gummy bears to lemon drops, cherry sours, and watermelon rings – we have a wide variety of edible CBD products. Something that tastes wonderful and offers significant benefits is a win-win.
  • Softgels: We offer a wide variety of soft gels, including full-spectrum soft gels and soft gels with melatonin and curcumin – for those who want an added health boost from other helpful natural substances as well.
  • Energy Drinks: We are proud to offer a delicious “very berry” CBD energy drink. It can be taken as a dietary supplement and mixed with 12-24oz of water, depending on your desired strength. This drink can be used before, during, or after workouts to give an extra boost of energy.
  • Flower/Prerolls: We offer our collection of organic and pure CBD hemp products to meet our customer’s needs. Check our collection of CBD flower pre-rolls (joints).
  • Vape Carts: Enjoy our collection of vape products. We can offer you a battery, cartridges, or a pen and charger. Let our quality products help you to reconnect and regain your energy.
  • Delta 8 THC: Everyone loves the Hemp Doctor’s Delta 8 THC products. Try our vape cartridges and edibles and enjoy the full benefits that our quality CBD products can offer.
  • Tinctures: A CBD oil tincture is one of the most popular methods of consuming CBD, especially among first-time users. The term “tincture” is often used interchangeably with “oil” though the two are actually different. Oils can be consumed via a vaporizer, while tinctures are designed for oral consumption only. Tinctures may simply be placed under your tongue or added to food or beverages. At The Hemp Doctor, we offer high-quality tinctures in a variety of flavors, including lemon, mint, Ceylon cinnamon, and orange zing, to name a few.
  • Topical CBD Products: The Hemp Doctor is also proud to offer a wide variety of topical CBD products, including balms, salves, massage oils, and lotions in a variety of scents.
  • Pet Care Products: It isn’t only people who benefit from CBD – our pets can too! We offer pet tinctures with both grapeseed and olive oil as well as beefy treats that dogs love. If you are looking for a safe, healthy, natural way to enhance your pet’s quality of life, we would highly recommend giving them a try.

From drinks, edibles, soft gels, and tinctures to topical treatments and pet products, The Hemp Doctor offers a wide variety of pure, safe, and beneficial CBD products to meet the unique needs of each individual customer. Even better, we are discovering and perfecting new uses and products ideas regularly. Our products can conveniently be found online; try them out for yourself to see the difference.

Begin Your Health and Wellness Journey Today

If you are looking to enhance your overall well-being, don’t delay even one more day. Find out how CBD can help you today. If you’re looking to buy CBD oil in Atlanta visit The Hemp Doctor online to find a product that is a good fit for you. You won’t regret beginning this journey toward greater health, happiness, and wellness. We look forward to starting this new wellness chapter with you soon.

Enhance your overall well-being. If you want to Buy CBD Oil in Atlanta, don’t delay even one more day and CALL us to know how we could help you.

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hemp seed oil for wrinkles

Going Green: Hemp Seed Oil Benefits for Beauty

November 19, 2018

Hemp (Cannabis sativa) seed oil is used in skincare for its natural healing, moisturizing, and anti-aging properties. Hemp seed oil is an excellent natural emollient and moisturizer for your face.

In addition to its softening power for skin, hemp seed oil is a humectant, which means it draws environmental moisture to the skin, and it also forms a protective barrier over the skin which prevents the loss of moisture. This wondrous ingredient can firm and tighten your skin to nurture a beautiful complexion.

WHAT IS HEMP SEED OIL?

Hemp seed oil is a light green oil produced by cold pressing hemp seeds. It comes from the same plant that is used recreationally, but hemp seed oil doesn’t contain the active ingredient that causes psychotropic reactions. It’s a standardized oil thats internationally accepted and safe for everyone to use.

The lipids found in hemp seed oil are comparable to those found on the skin. They can form a protective layer on the skin without disturbing the natural balance, adding elasticity to the skin and restoring lost moisture to dry, damaged skin.

NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS OF HEMP SEED OIL FOR SKIN

Hemp seed oil contains vitamins A and E, both of which are well known to be essential for the skin. These vitamins can help the body heal wounds, stretch marks, and environmental damage.

With a high composition of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, hemp seed oil is rich in protein, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and antioxidants. These nutrients help enhance the skin’s elasticity and moisture control to maintain smooth, wrinkle-free skin .

Other essential nutrients in hemp seed oil are:

  • Potassium
  • Magnesium
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Gamma-linolenic acid
  • Oleic acid
  • Stearidonic acid
  • Carotene
  • Phytosterols
  • Phospholipids

ANTI-AGING BENEFITS OF HEMP SEED OIL

For anti-aging benefits, it’s best to use an oil that’s low on the comedogenic scale. The scale ranges from 0 (non-comedogenic) to the highest rating of 5 (the most comedogenic). The higher the rating, the more likely it is that the oil will clog pores and contribute to acne breakouts, especially if you already suffer from acne-prone skin.

Hemp seed oil is rated as a 0 on the comedogenic scale!

The antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties of hemp seed oil are also remarkable at keeping fine lines, wrinkles, and dark spots at bay. The powerful moisturizing abilities help keep the skin supple and plumped up, giving you less visible signs of aging by healing the damaged skin.

Skin regenerative properties serve to boost the skin cell regrowth, making new cells, and helping to remove the dead cells that can contribute to a dull complexion.

HEMP SEED OIL AS A MOISTURIZER

Used as a moisturizer, hemp seed oil is excellent for both oily and dry skin. This oil has the ability to balance the skin’s sebum production, giving oily skin a rest from producing too much oil. As hemp seed reacts in the same way as the skin’s fat (lipids), it helps the skin keep control of the oil levels produced by the skin.

For dry skin, hemp seed oil can penetrate deeply into the inner layers of skin, shielding from the inside. A protective layer is formed on the epidermis to protect the skin from environmental damage and limiting the loss of moisture which leads to dry skin conditions.

Hemp seed oil has even been used to help calm psoriasis — helping to s oothe dry, inflamed, itchy patches.

Additionally, if you have large pores, hemp seed oil can help reduce and tighten them to leave your skin with a more youthful look.

HEMP SEED OIL IS A BEAUTY BOOSTER

The beauty benefits of hemp seed oil in your skincare products are abundant and because of that versatility, it is used in many products such as: lotions, balms, body butters, lip scrubs, moisturizer, body wash, and hair conditioner.

Hemp (Cannabis sativa) seed oil is used in skincare for its natural healing, moisturizing, and anti-aging properties. Hemp seed oil is an excellent natural emollient and moisturizer for your face. In addition to its softening power for skin, hemp seed oil is a humectant, which means it draws environmental moisture to

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how old do you have to be to buy cbd

How Old Do You Have to be to Buy CBD?

While it’s true that age is just a number, some ages come with added pomp and circumstance — and privileges. In most states, kids that are 15 can apply and receive a learner’s permit and a driver’s license a year later at 16. One year after that, and you’re allowed to purchase a ticket to an R-rated movie without an adult present. One year after that is a major milestone — the big 1-8 — which grants you the right to do everything from enlist in the military to gamble at a casino. And, of course, you can legally drink alcohol in the United States at the age of 21.

Can you guess what wasn’t included in that rundown? The legal age to buy cannabidiol (CBD). If you’re here, you’re probably wondering how old do you have to be to buy CBD? Like most regulations involving this wonderous compound, the answer rests squarely in a bit of a gray area.

Why would age matter when buying CBD?

Depending on who you ask, you’re bound to get a variety of responses on why age would matter when buying CBD, but the most popular is because CBD is a compound derived from the cannabis plant. Yes, that cannabis plant, the same one where THC comes from. Though CBD and THC are both cannabinoids and share the same molecular formula, there’s one big difference between the two : CBD does not induce a euphoric high like THC does.

The other reason why age could be a consideration when it comes to consumers is that the CBD industry is unregulated. Unlike other substances that fall under the food and drug label, there’s no federal authority overseeing the production and distribution of CBD products. Despite that lack of governance, there are ways to protect yourself when making a CBD purchase. You should only buy products that come with a Certificate of Analysis (COA) from a third-party accredited lab. These reports provide details on each specific product, including the levels of infused CBD and other cannabinoids. A COA is the only real way to ensure you’re getting the product you think you are.

Is CBD legal to buy?

Before we talk about the minimum age needed to buy CBD, we should provide some context around its legality. Despite the fact that the 2018 Farm Bill made CBD legal on a federal level, individual states can enact their own laws — and some have — which outweigh the federal regulations. If you do some digging into if CBD is legal , you’ll find that there are 10 states (plus the District of Columbia) that allow for the use of cannabis for both medicinal and recreational purposes. And that, of course, includes CBD. Additionally, there are 37 other states that are generally OK with the use of CBD, providing it has less than 0.3% THC. That leaves Idaho, Nebraska, and South Dakota as the three states with specific wording in place or legislation open to interpretation that deems CBD illegal.

How old do you have to be to buy CBD?

Assuming you live in one of the 47 states where it’s kosher to purchase CBD products, there is generally no age minimum. That is because CBD is nonintoxicating, meaning it does not give you a high, nor does it require a prescription from a physician. It’s important to also mention that CBD is often portrayed as a useful product for pets and that the U.S. Food & Drug Administration has approved the use of a plant-based formulation of CBD for patients as young as 2-years-old with certain forms of epilepsy.

However, there are some instances where a minimum age could come into play. Smoke shops that sell CBD may require their customers to be 18 to either enter or purchase products from the store. Some CBD companies with online storefronts might also request that customers verify they are 18 years of age or older before purchase.

In any event, it’s in your best interest to check with your local authorities before making a purchase if you think your age could be a legal concern.

Benefits of CBD

Now that we’ve shed some light on how old you have to be to buy CBD, we thought it’d be a good time to remind you about the benefits of using the compound. Among the list of top 10 CBD oil benefits , you’ll find that it relieves pain and inflammation, reduces anxiety, improves mood, promotes heart health, and can aid in the treatment of cancer. With few side effects and a safe rating from the World Health Organization , CBD has proven to be the answer for people (and pets) of a variety of ages.

There&#039;s no age restriction for purchasing CBD products, but some websites or online retailers may have you thinking differently. Learn more about the legality of CBD before buying.

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CBD Oral Drops

Pure Earth oral drops are designed to help you administer CBD with ease. This quick and easy method allows you to feel the soothing effects of CBD throughout the day at your pleasure.

Our oral drops come in 30ml bottle with 750mg full spectrum CBD to give a satisfying sensation with ease.

Products are externally tested of their Cannabinoids profiles, results obtained show that the THC content is below the detectable limit*. Flavour Warehouse Ltd confirms that none of its products are intended to cure, prevent or treat any illness.

CBD Oral Drops Pure Earth tongue drops are designed to help you administer CBD with ease. This quick and easy method allows you to feel the soothing effects of CBD throughout the day at your pleasure. Our tongue drops come in 30ml bottles with 750mg CBD

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How and When to Harvest Hemp

Home » How and When to Harvest Hemp

FAQs in this post –

Unsuitable harvesting can render countless acres of viable hemp useless. That’s why it’s so vital to consider your final product and the quality you hope to achieve before choosing the appropriate harvesting method. And with thousands of uses for hemp, the answer is not always so obvious. Moreover, the harvest method you choose must produce a legally compliant crop that tests below .3% THC, and is safe to ingest. In order to be sure of that, you must meticulously time your harvest and test samples of the crop throughout the lifecycle.

At ACS Laboratory, we offer testing solutions for every step of the hemp cultivation process and have compiled a list of frequently asked harvesting questions to help set you up for success. With your product, compliance and product safety in mind, let’s dive into the details of how and when to harvest your hemp.

FAQs

When is hemp harvest season?

Unlike perennial plants that come and go each year, hemp is an annual plant . That means under most circumstances it grows from a seed to a plant in 90-120 days and its buds blossom once before dying off for the next crops to be planted. Hemp is affected by seasonal changes so once the days start to shorten, the crop stops growing tall and begins producing flower buds instead. That’s why the busy season for hemp harvesting in most states is October , also known as Croptober .

However, if you’re growing indoors, technically you can create Croptober all year ‘round by altering temperatures, lighting, moisture and other required conditions. Additionally in warmer climates with proper greenhouse support you may be able to achieve 2 turns a year. This would include 6-8 weeks in the greenhouse and 8-10 weeks in the field for full bloom. The key is to test your product throughout its lifecycle and create an ideal growth environment based on your location and capabilities. Then inspect your plants to ensure that they’ve matured to an optimal stage before you begin harvest.

Can hemp crops be harvested by hand?

Yes. While this process is time consuming and may be costly, sometimes hand harvesting is the optimal choice. If you’re growing hemp for smokable flower or CBD extraction, you may opt to cut the plants by hand to ensure that you carefully collect and maintain the integrity of each bud. Additionally, if you have a small farm or lack access to machinery, you may also want to harvest by hand. In this case you may use tobacco knives or shearers to cut the plants before loading them on to trailers and carefully transporting them to a facility for drying and curing.

But harvesting by hand is also time-consuming and labor-intensive, so if you’re a first-time hemp cultivator, start small with an acre or less. Then, keep track of the time and manpower it takes to harvest your hemp plants so you can plan accordingly. For example, if you do not have enough manpower to harvest your crops before they are over-mature, you may accidentally produce a plant with THC higher than .3%. At that point, you must destroy your entire harvest and risk losing the time and money you invested.

Can hemp be harvested with a combine?

Yes – If you are harvesting hemp for its seeds (grain), you may utilize a combine . For this purpose, combine harvesting is highly efficient due to its ability to cut a swath about 40 feet wide through a field. Combines are optimal when harvesting hemp seeds on a wide scale, but they can easily shatter seeds at moisture levels lower than 15%. Combines can also increase levels of microbial contamination if hail or rain flattens the swath of plants into the ground. So you must assess your field for swathing potential and carefully adjust your settings for optimal combine harvesting. According to the Canandian Hemp Trade Alliance (CHTA), you will need to experiment with ground speed, concave openings, and air speed.

CHTA suggests the following as a starting point:

  • Cylinder Speed – 450 – 600 rpm
  • Concave – 30 – 50 mm
  • Wind – 1070 rpm
  • Sieve – 3mm
  • Chaffer – 10mm

How do I harvest smokable hemp flower?

Hemp flowers are very delicate and easy to bruise, which is why most farmers harvest smokable hemp flowers by hand. Harvesting by hand will ensure your hemp flower heads remain clean and their resin trichomes remain intact. Unharmed and mature resin trichomes are vital for smokable hemp flower because they contain most of the full spectrum of cannabinoids (CBD and THC) and terpenes that produce the plant’s flavor, fragrance and therapeutic effects.

For the most efficient hand harvest, you may want to identify the sections where the flowers are the biggest and densest–and start there. Then you’ll cut roughly a foot and a half to two-foot sections of the plants going mostly for the top flowers. In order to conduct this process efficiently, you will need to ensure that you have the right amount of labor based on the number of acres of land you have. For reference, the director of operations and farmer for Swan Lake farms in Oregon, Landon Butterfield said 15 people were able to hand harvest 5 to 6 acres of flowers per day.

When do I harvest hemp for smokable flower?

If harvesting hemp for smokable flower, you probably want it to contain high levels of CBD. You may also want it to contain a delicate balance of terpenes to provide the aroma and flavor you desire. This will provide a high-quality product that customers expect from smokable hemp. But several factors such as environmental conditions and nutrient levels can prevent the plant from reaching the cannabinoid profile you desire. That’s why it’s important to test early, at the vegetative phase to ensure your final plant meets the requirements.

After the vegetative phase, you’ll want to harvest the plant when it is abundant with mature flower heads. If looking through a microscope, the trichomes –tiny hairs growing on the plant–should be a milky white instead of translucent. This indicates that it contains a high concentration of cannabinoids. After harvest, you must ensure that the plant is properly ventilated, without direct sunlight and in a comfortable climate between 60-70° F to prevent contamination and preserve its genetic profile. At this point you’ll want to test your flower to confirm its potency of CBD, THC and terpenes. You’ll also want to guarantee that your harvest is free of toxins such as mildew, bacteria, and pesticides to name a few. At ACS Laboratory, we offer comprehensive flower potency and safety testing to guarantee the quality and compliance of your smokable hemp flower.

How do I harvest hemp for industrial fiber?

Hemp stalks are known for their incredible yield of fibre which can be used for everything from textiles, clothes, and paper. If you’re growing hemp for fibre from its stalks, you’ll want to plant them in close proximity for maximum yield and select seeds that grow tall. Once they are ready for harvest, the process is much less precise and easier than harvesting hemp for its seeds or flowers.

All that you need is specialized equipment for cutting hemp for fibre. According to CHTA, you can use a discbine, a disc mower, or a straight sickle mower for best results. One major advantage of the discbine in particular is that it can cut at speeds of 9mph, much higher than average machinery. If you are harvesting hemp for textiles however, you may want to use a straight sickle mower which leaves stems in tact and neatly organized directly on the ground. All hemp should be harvested approximately 10 cm above the ground to prevent cutting through hard woody portion and ensure that your cutting has much of the fibrous stems as possible. Once harvested, you’ll want to facilitate drying to reduce the potential for mold.

When do I harvest hemp for industrial fiber?

If you’re growing hemp for its stalks and fibre content, you do not need to consider precise levels of cannabinoids or terpenes when determining when to harvest. However you must still ensure that your plant has grown to its optimal height, contains less than .3% THC and is contaminant-free. That means you must carefully choose your seeds based on its strain genetics and test early in the pre-harvest phase to ensure that the crop is clean and contains the amount of THC you expect.

If you’re growing hemp for fibre, you’ll want to harvest the plant when you’ve achieved the maximum volume and quality of stalks. This point is reached prior to seed set and the dying off of the male plants, which can occur between 90-100 days. Generally, you’ll want to harvest your hemp when its flowers first emerge and then store them in a way that prevents over moisturization, which causes mold. Before processing your hemp you’ll want to double check it is below the THC limit and that it is free of any toxins that may compromise the finished product. At ACS we test industrial hemp plants for THC potency and a broad spectrum of possible contaminants.

How do I harvest hemp planned for CBD extraction?

Just like smokeable flower (link to section above) , hemp for CBD extraction is harvested for its flower heads, which contain the bulk of cannabinoids that are later extracted into CBD oils, waxes and creams. That means you’ll likely want to hand harvest your crop utilizing the amount of labor and tools you need to efficiently conduct this precise process.

When to harvest hemp for maximum cannabinoids?

Similar to the process of harvesting hemp for smokeable flower (link to section above) , you’ll want to harvest hemp for CBD extraction when its buds mature to optimal potency. You’ll also want to be on the lookout for mildews and molds, which could compromise the hemp’s floral biomass. As with smokable flower, you may want to test your hemp-for-CBD-extraction early and often for potency to ensure its reaching the level you seek. You also need to test for THC to ensure your crop stays below the legal limit. In addition to potency testing, you’ll want to test for contaminants such as metals, mold, and bacteria throughout the crop’s entire lifecycle.

How do I harvest hemp for seeds?

Hemp seeds, which gather around the heads of the plant are great sources of oils and grains that can be used in food, cosmetics and supplements. If you’re growing hemp for seed production you’ll want to select strains that are shorter in stature with lower fibre production. Then once you’re ready to harvest you may want to use combines to efficiently cut swaths of the plant and prepare for post harvest production. According to the CHTA, Canadian producers have identified the following techniques for best combine practices:

  • Use draper heads because they leave more room for hemp heads
  • Experiment with ground speed, concave openings, sieves, wind speed. See best starting settings above (link to section above).
  • Monitor grain tank and adjust concave to minimize cracking of grain
  • Combine at 15 to 18% moisture.
  • See full list here

When do I harvest seeds from hemp plants?

If you’re harvesting hemp for seeds, cannabinoid and terpene potency don’t really matter except for the 0.3% THC limit. Because of the potential to lose your entire crop if it tests above the legal limit, it’s important to test pre-harvest, during vegetation and after harvest to ensure that it remains compliant.

For optimal harvest, you’ll want to assess female plants at the stage that provides optimum seed yield with minimal immature seeds. When visually inspecting, make sure that the seed heads (buds) are still mostly green. You may notice a few leaves on the seed head turning a brownish color. The stem fibres will have shed most of their leaves, but will not be completely matured. When the seeds at the base of the stem and leaf stalk at the bottom of the seed head begin to turn gray, you’ll know it’s time to harvest. Once your crop is harvested, you’ll want to submit samples for testing to guarantee that is free of mold, mildew, pesticides, and other harmful contaminants.

Understanding how and when to harvest your hemp, along with the tests you need to ensure the product matches your customers’ (and the government’s) expectations is no simple feat. But the opportunities to create a thriving brand and lucrative product are limitless. Through education, trial and error, and testing, you’ll be ready to harvest your hemp for successful commercial sale. Contact the team at ACS Laboratory to learn more about our accredited hemp testing services.

ACS Laboratory in Tampa, FL – How and When to Harvest Hemp . We're an ISO17025 Certified laboratory dedicated to servicing the cannabis and hemp industries from cultivation through to MMTCs and recreational dispensaries.

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ethanol vs co2 extraction cbd

Ethanol vs CO2 Extraction CBD: Pros & Cons of Each Method

Ethanol and carbon dioxide extraction methods are incredibly different as they are used to achieve two different results. While it is possible to extract pure CBD with ethanol, the process dissolves other unwanted compounds so it is not ideal. This is why carbon dioxide is often used to produce pure CBD oil, however, the process is time-intensive and the machinery is costly. This post explains both methods and their best use cases.

Ethanol Extraction Methods

• Ethanol extraction happens under either warm or cold conditions in a single stream. There are many different warm and cold ethanol extraction processes such as the Soxhlet technique .

• Even though extraction is possible under warm and cold conditions, ethanol extractions usually take place at room temperature as it allows for the retention of cannabinoid acid that can be used to make shatters and other crystals .

• During this process, ethanol is used as a solvent that is passed over the plant material to dissolve active plant compounds .

• Extracting CBD by ethanol is classified as safe by the FDA , and is often used to extract food for food and medicine.

Pros:

◦ It is the best way to create full-spectrum hemp extracts and tinctures.

◦ Much less solvent is needed to carry out extraction, meaning there is more storage space for the cannabis and the extract.

◦ Ethanol extraction operations are simple to set up and only requires an energy consumption of 20% .

Cons:

◦ Because of its polar nature, a CBD extraction purity of 80% or more is difficult to achieve since it is pulling other soluble components such as chlorophyll.

◦ Ethanol has a higher boiling point than hydrocarbons such as butane or propane, which makes the recovery process slower and a bit more difficult than extraction using those compounds.

◦ There most likely will be more steps needed to get a pure CBD extract after an ethanol extraction is complete.

Carbon Dioxide Extraction Methods

• Carbon dioxide is preferred by many due to its non-toxic nature and because it can produce a more potent extract .

• For this method, carbon dioxide is held at a critical pressure and temperature known as a supercritical state . Here, the compound is both a gas and liquid simultaneously and helps heat-sensitive nutrients and substances to come out of the hemp intact and unaltered .

• Then, the gas & liquid carbon dioxide in solution with cannabinoid substances are pushed through a sieving material to extract potent CBD oil .

Pros:

◦ Carbon dioxide is preferred in some environments because it offers a toxin-free method of extracting CBD.

◦ At a certain point, the carbon dioxide is held at a critical pressure and temperature known as a supercritical state . Here, the compound is both a gas and liquid simultaneously and helps heat-sensitive nutrients and substances to come out intact and unaltered .

◦ CO2 is non-flammable , which means fewer hazards compared to other solvents such as ethanol.

◦ Additionally, CO2 can be reused because it is used in a closed-loop process .

Cons:

◦ This process takes a bit longer than other methods such as ethanol extraction and requires expensive machinery to run.

◦ Because of its longer and more aggressive nature, this process could cause some damage to the cannabinoids and the terpenoids in the extract.

Ethanol vs CO2 Extraction CBD: Pros & Cons of Each Method Ethanol and carbon dioxide extraction methods are incredibly different as they are used to achieve two different results. While it is

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Hemp CBD Across State Lines: South Carolina

The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) legalized hemp by removing the crop and its derivatives from the definition of marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and by providing a detailed framework for the cultivation of hemp. The 2018 Farm Bill gives the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulatory authority over hemp cultivation at the federal level. In turn, states have the option to maintain primary regulatory authority over the crop cultivated within their borders by submitting a plan to the USDA.

This federal and state interplay has resulted in many legislative and regulatory changes at the state level. Indeed, most states have introduced (and adopted) bills that would authorize the commercial production of hemp within their borders. A smaller but growing number of states also regulate the sale of products derived from hemp. Our attorneys track these developments in real-time on behalf of multiple clients, and we provide a 50-state matrix showing how states regulate hemp and hemp products.

In light of the rapidly evolving legislative changes, we are also presenting a 50-state series analyzing how each jurisdiction treats hemp-derived cannabidiol (Hemp CBD). Today we turn to South Carolina.

Before the enactment of HB 3449 in March 28, 2019, the cultivation of hemp was strictly limited in South Carolina. Indeed, the South Carolina Department of Agriculture (“SCDA”), which oversees the production of hemp, could only issue licenses to 40 applicants who were each limited to growing no more than 40 acres of hemp.

In addition to expanding the total number of licenses available and the number of acres that could be cultivated, the new law also gave SCDA regulatory authority over “hemp products”, defined as:

all products with the federally defined THC level for hemp derived from, or made by, processing hemp plants or hemp plant parts, that are prepared in a form available for commercial sale, including, but not limited to, cosmetics, personal care products, food intended for animal or human consumption, cloth, cordage, fiber, fuel, paint, paper, particleboard, plastics, and any product containing one or more hemp-derived cannabinoids, such as cannabidiol.”

Yet, HB 3449 provides that “[t]he provisions contained in this chapter do not apply to the possession, handling, transport, or sale of products and extracts, including those containing hemp-derived cannabinoids, including CBD” and further specifies that “[n]othing in this chapter authorizes any person to violate any federal or state law or regulation.”

Therefore, this statutory language suggests that the sale of Hemp CBD products is only allowed if authorized by relevant federal agencies, including the Food and Drug Administration, which regulates the sale and marketing of certain categories of Hemp CBD products (i.e., foods, dietary supplements, cosmetics and tobacco products).

This interpretation of the statutory language was supported in February 2019 when in a news release, the SCDA declared that it follows FDA guidelines, and thus, treats the sale of Hemp CBD foods as unlawful. Nevertheless, the SCDA’s Quick Guide to Hemp Products in Human Food states that approved hemp food ingredients include “full spectrum” ingredients if:

  1. it contains the naturally occurring array of phytonutrients found in hemp (which include naturally occurring CBD);
  2. it does not include health claims; and
  3. it does not bear any sort of declaration of CBD.

The sale and marketing of cosmetics is neither allowed nor restricted in the state. However, given the state’s deference to the FDA guidelines, the sale of these products seems lawful so long as these products:

  1. do not contain more than 0.3% THC;
  2. are not adulterated (e., unsafe) or misbranded;
  3. are not intended to be used as drugs; and
  4. do not contain labels or promotional materials that contain claims regarding diseases or bodily structure/function.

When it comes to smokables, the state takes issue with products containing raw unprocessed hemp. Law enforcement began cracking down on the sale of these products following the release of a public opinion by the Attorney General (“AG”), in which the AG clarified that “the mere possession of raw unprocessed hemp or hemp not in a finished product without a state license is unlawful”. In addition to prohibiting the sale of smokable products containing raw hemp, South Carolina bans the sale of Hemp CBD e-cigarettes and other vaping devices as state law expressly excludes “cannabis or CBD as defined under the laws of this State and the laws of the United States” from the definition of “e-liquid”.

In sum, while South Carolina authorizes the cultivation of hemp, it takes a conservative approach regarding the sale and marketing of most Hemp CBD products. It remains to be seen whether the state’s hemp production plan, which is currently under review by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, will shed new light on the sale of these products. Accordingly, for the time being, Hemp CBD manufacturers, distributors and retailers should carefully select which products to introduce in the Palmetto State.

For additional updates on changes to Pennsylvania hemp laws and Hemp CBD laws, please stay tuned to the Canna Law Blog. For previous coverage in this series, check out the links below:

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rhode Island

Nathalie Bougenies

Nathalie practices corporate law, intellectual property, and cannabis law, focusing on the regulatory framework of hemp-derived CBD products. She enjoys building a deep understanding of our clients’ businesses, industries, and long-term visions, and leverages her broad expertise and international background to help our overseas companies with their foreign direct investment…

Hemp CBD Across State Lines: South Carolina The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) legalized hemp by removing the crop and its derivatives from the definition of marijuana under