More about Distillate
What is Distillate?
D istillate is a cannabis extract in which the final product has been systematically stripped of all materials and compounds except one specific cannabinoid.
Distillate is the base ingredient of most edibles and vape cartridges, and typically lacks any flavor, taste, or aroma. It’s a potent cannabis oil that can be used on its own or infused in other cannabis products or goods. The most common forms of distillate on the market are THC oil and cannabidiol (CBD) oil. The name of the oil indicates the most prominent cannabinoid. In the case of CBD oil, CBD would be the most prominent cannabinoid. The name distillate refers to the cannabis purification process that removes and separates the cannabinoids, such as THC or CBD, into unique products.
Distillate is extremely potent, though it lacks the terpenes, or naturally occurring flavors and aromas, of the cannabis plant. One benefit of having the natural terpenes removed is being able to have complete control over the final product’s taste and smell. A drawback of removing terpenes is that without them, the final product may lack the therapeutic benefits commonly attributed to the entourage effect . Adding terpenes to distillate later in the process is possible, and many manufacturers do this, though it’s been theorized that any medicinal advantages are reduced by their initial removal.
Does Distillate Get You High?
Whether distillate gets you high depends on the precise cannabinoid you’re consuming. The main benefit is that by removing virtually everything except for the desired cannabinoid, the final product is incredibly potent. For that reason, if you’re consuming a THC distillate , you will probably get very high, as the resulting oil will be almost pure THC content . On the other hand, if you’re consuming a CBD distillate, you will tap into the therapeutic benefits of CBD but, because CBD doesn’t produce intoxicating effects, you will not get high.
Is Distillate the Same as Oil?
Distillate is one of the most commonly made types of cannabis oil, often coveted by consumers for its potency. And because it has been stripped of virtually everything other than cannabinoids it is extremely versatile, capable of being consumed on its own or as the base of numerous other cannabis products.
While all distillates are oils, not all cannabis oils are distillates. A cannabis oil is only a distillate if all other materials and compounds, including terpenes, have been systematically stripped and removed. There are many other types of marijuana oils on the market that have not undergone that process.
How is Distillate used?
Distillates can be consumed on their own using a dab rig or portable vaporizer. You can also vape them using a distillate cartridge and vape pen. Dabbing or vaping distillates yields a nearly odorless vapor, depending on whether it’s been flavored, with their effects typically being experienced instantly. Adding drops of THC distillate to flower in a rolling paper or bowl intensifies the intoxicating high without altering the flavor or smell.
As an alternative to vaping or smoking, you can make distillate edibles or topicals. In edibles, distillates provide the desired cannabinoids without any plantlike taste. For edibles prepared at home, the oil should be introduced with low doses, about 5 milligrams or less THC per serving, then slowly increase the dosage for the desired potency and taste. Distillates can be consumed on their own and dropped sublingually, or under the tongue. This type of oil can also work in topicals, which are applied transdermally, or applied to the skin and absorbed.
Distillates allow cannabis product manufacturers to separate the various cannabinoids and terpenes, then recombine them into specific ratios. For example, the starting material from a harvest of cannabis plants may not have enough naturally occurring CBD to produce a tincture to help treat anxiety disorders. With distillates, a more accurate CBD-to-THC ratio can be achieved.
Manufacturers also use distillates for producing cannabis edibles, both for the ability to portion the cannabinoids and terpenes into precise amounts, as well as for their flavorless quality. Cannabis butter is another common ingredient used for edibles, but it can add a dry, astringent taste. With distillates, manufacturers can have greater control over the taste of their infused edibles.
What is a Distillate Pen?
In today’s market, you can easily find vape pens that contain pure distillate oil. These products feature a cartridge filled with THC distillate , a heating element, and a battery that powers the heating element. As with any vape pen, the heating element vaporizes the oil inside the cartridge, and the vapor is then inhaled through the mouthpiece. Because it contains such a potent form of extract, these vape pens tend to be very strong.
How is Distillate made?
Distillates are, in essence, cannabis extracts that have been purified and processed to separate the cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, into precise amounts. They’re made from cannabis extracts that have been winterized, decarboxylated, and then distilled.
WARNING: THE MANUFACTURING OF DISTILLATES AND OTHER CANNABIS CONCENTRATES SHOULD ONLY BE PERFORMED BY PROFESSIONALS AS THESE PROCESSES CAN BE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS AND ILLEGAL IN MANY JURISDICTIONS.
For safety and health reasons, producing distillates should be left to professionals with proper equipment and in safely controlled environments, as the setup and materials require precision and accuracy.
The process typically starts with crude oil extraction, which is any process where the cannabinoids are separated from the cannabis plant material. A crude extraction involves either a physical means of separation or a chemical means of separation. Physical separation techniques, such as sieving or rosin, tend to yield concentrates containing more plant impurities than chemical-based extraction methods, namely Butane Hash Oil (BHO) or supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction. Whether the cannabinoids are separated by physical or chemical means, the crude extract produced contains impurities that must be removed before the oil can be separated into its individual cannabinoids.
The next major step in producing distillate is called winterization. It is a method to purify the crude extract of byproducts: plant waxes, fats, lipids, and chlorophyll. The crude extract is mixed with ethanol. The solution is then placed in a very cold environment for 24 to 48 hours. The impurities coagulate in the cold temperature and precipitate, or separate, falling to the bottom of the container. This is similar to baking a chicken: the excess grease and juices drip down into the pan and thicken when cooled. The crude extract and ethanol solution is then passed through a filter. After filtering, the ethanol is removed. Ethanol can be removed using a variety of techniques, such as a rotary evaporator or a falling film evaporator.
The extract at this point wouldn’t be very potent. THC, for example, is the well-known compound and active cannabinoid that produces an intoxicating effect. However, it’s tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), that’s found at this stage. THCA doesn’t produce an intoxicating effect. THCA becomes THC after heat is applied. This process is called decarboxylation.
THCA isn’t the only cannabinoid that needs to be decarboxylated in order to interact effectively with the human body. All cannabinoids in their acid form must first be decarboxylated. In fact, there is no THCA in distillate because it’s always decarboxylated.
Decarboxylation is the process of removing the carboxylic acid from a cannabinoid’s chemical compound. A cannabinoid is decarboxylated when it’s heated to the point of eliminating the carboxylic acid. By removing that acid group, the cannabinoid can readily interact within the body and bind to the receptors in the nervous system — specifically, the cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid type 2 (CB2) receptors.
The point of decarboxylation depends primarily on time and temperature. For example, THCA begins to decarboxylate into THC when it’s exposed to heat at 220 degrees Fahrenheit, or 104.44 degrees Celsius, or to an open flame. When producing cannabis edibles, extractors will decarboxylate cannabis oil, then mix the resulting concentrate with other ingredients to infuse foods, confections, and beverages with active cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.
The final steps for making this cannabis oil involves the actual cannabis distillation process. Using vacuum pressure and heat, individual cannabinoids and terpenes can be separated from the decarboxylated extract according to their unique boiling points and molecular weights. In a vacuum environment, where the pressure can be strictly controlled, the boiling point of can be achieved at much lower temperatures to help prevent the loss of potency.
A runny, translucent oil devoid of the waxes or undesirable compounds from the original plant. Distillate is desirable due to its potency and versatility.
CBD Full Spectrum Distillate
Posted on December 13th, 2020
The thing that sets CBD distillates apart from other types of CBD extracts is purity. Distillates of CBD are some of the most refined forms of cannabidiol. As a result, they typically have high concentration levels and usually come in the form of a thick liquid that is as dense as honey. It’s worth noting that there are two CBD distillates available today – broad-spectrum CBD distillate and CBD full spectrum distillate. In this article, we will be focusing on the latter so you can better understand what it is all about.
CBD Distillate: What Is It?
As mentioned earlier, CBD distillate ranks amongst the purest/most refined form of cannabidiol. Due to how one extracts CBD distillates, distillates like full-spectrum and broad-spectrum tend to be highly concentrated and dense. As a result, users only need a little dose to get the physiological effects they desire. While each CBD distillate product is different, most hemp distillates typically contain about 80% to 90% pure CBD, the other 10% to 20% are other compounds found in the hemp plant.
As highly-refined forms of cannabidiol, all types of CBD distillate have no impurities, which means they are the safest form of CBD to consume. Apart from that, they are also odorless and tasteless. However, it is worth noting that CBD distillate not only contains cannabidiol but also many other types of useful terpenes and cannabinoids. Those extra ingredients will also help make the compound even more effective at improving the overall wellbeing and health.
CBD distillate manufacturers make the concentrate by extracting it from the cannabis or hemp plants. However, most people prefer hemp as it contains higher levels of CBD (cannabidiol) and much less THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content.
Can CBD Distillates Make Me High?
Anything remotely related to CBD will never make you high because the only ingredient in the hemp/cannabis plant with intoxicating effects is tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. Consuming a CBD distillate will only help you benefit from the compound’s potential therapeutic properties.
How are CBD Distillates Extracted from the Plant?
In order to produce a CBD distillate, cannabidiol can be extracted from the hemp plant using two standard options:
Ethanol (super-cooled) extraction is where you place the plant in a small chamber before bombarding it with extremely cold ethanol of approx -40℉. This process shocks the plant and causes chlorophyll matter and oils inside it to push out in a sludge.
The sludge then passes through several vaporization chambers where it gets rid of the super cold ethanol through evaporation, leaving an unrefined, high-yielding, and clean hemp plant extract. The end product is a slurry consisting of cannabinoids, terpenes, resins, and cannabinoid oils. To refine it even further, the sludge is passed through a unique short distillation path to produce a honey/amber-colored distillate that’s ready to use.
Supercritical CO2 or CO2 Extraction
Supercritical CO2 (carbon dioxide) extraction involves releasing highly-pressurized carbon dioxide into a chamber filled with the hemp plant’s ground-up materials. As the gas’ pressure inside the chamber increases, it becomes what’s known as ‘supercritical.’ It is here that CO2 starts to exhibit its characteristics when it found itself in its liquefied state. This pushes the hemp plant’s resins, cannabinoid oils, chlorophyll material, and unevaporated terpenes out of the plant in the form of a slurry.
The slurry then undergoes a short path distillation to refine it into a cannabidiol distillate further. The carbon dioxide is then heated up, making it return to its normal, gaseous state, which helps remove it from the slurry.
CBD Distillation: A Look at the Compounds Separated During the Extraction Process
Distillation involves the separation of different organic compounds in a mixture based on each compound’s boiling point. Thus, it’s only fair to look at some of the compounds distilled from the cannabidiol sludge. These help make either a CBD full spectrum distillate or a broad-spectrum CBD distillate with their presence or lack thereof. They include:
These are aromatic, organic compounds found in plants and are what give each plant its scent, for example, limonene (lemons), pinene (pine trees), myrcene (hops plant). Cannabis contains carrying high terpene concentrations depending on the presentations. Apparently, higher terpene concentrations contribute to greater potential healing benefits of cannabidiol. Though research on just how much more it potentiates healing effects is still ongoing.
Lipids and Plant Waxes
Lipids and plant waxes are complex hydrocarbons that give the plant a bitter taste. To ensure you get pure CBD distillate, it’s necessary to extract these compounds from the CBD slurry.
Cannabinoids are naturally-occurring compounds present in the cannabis/hemp plant and include CBG, THC, and CBD, among others. It is these compounds that react with our endocannabinoid system. Thus, they are responsible for the psychoactive effects and potential therapeutic benefits of the plant.
These are the phytonutrients responsible for the color and taste of a plant. How the manufacturer extracts them will affect the final taste of the product.
The Difference Between Full Spectrum CBD Distillate and Broad-Spectrum CBD Distillate
As already mentioned, there are two types of CBD distillate available today. What differentiates them is the hemp compounds they contain and their respective levels of purity. The extraction process used and the distillate type are, ultimately, what will determine those two factors.
To determine what variation of CBD is best for you, it’s crucial that you first understand what each option entails. Here’s a look at the two main types of CBD distillates.
CBD Full Spectrum Distillate
Full-spectrum CBD, also known as whole plant CBD, is one of the more popular options as it contains high CBD levels and a considerable number of terpenes and other hemp compounds. It is worth noting that full-spectrum distillates typically have more of the plant’s original content.
Most people prefer using full-spectrum distillates because of something known as the ‘entourage effect.’ The idea behind it is that cannabidiol is more effective when all of the plant’s compounds are present. I.e., each compound in the plant increases the effects of other compounds, leading to a stronger potency in the end.
Full-spectrum CBD distillate contains trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol, along with other compounds. However, the amount is so low that it does not affect the user. Nevertheless, it still plays a crucial role in the distillate as it’s intended to boost CBD effects.
While research on whether this ‘effect’ is real is still ongoing, evidence, so far, points to hemp terpenes and cannabinoids being more effective when working together.
Broad-Spectrum CBD Distillate
Broad-spectrum CBD, unlike full-spectrum CBD distillate, is a bit more refined. Thus, meaning it doesn’t contain most of the original compounds found in the cannabis plant. The main thing to note about this distillate is that it contains no THC and therefore contains more of the other chemical properties found in the plant.
If you don’t want to use a CBD product containing THC, then broad-spectrum CBD is what you need to get. This distillate contains far lesser impurities as it passes through a more rigorous distillation process. However, due to the absence of tetrahydrocannabinol and other essential compounds, users don’t get to experience a more substantial entourage effect.
Broad-spectrum distillates are similar to full-spectrum ones. The only difference being the removal of most of the plant’s naturally-occurring tetrahydrocannabinol from the concentrate.
The Potential Benefits of Using Full Spectrum CBD
There are several potential benefits to choosing CBD full spectrum distillates over other options. They include:
#1: It’s Closer to What Nature Intended
The hemp/cannabis plant contains hundreds of different compounds that work in unison to produce various effects. The plant’s benefits might be more noticeable when all its compounds are present and working together. Going for full-spectrum CBD distillates is one of the best ways to enjoy the benefits and potential of whole-plant effects without having to vaporize the plant, deal with smoking, or use THC.
#2: It Provides a Richer Sensory Experience
Full-spectrum CBD distillate contains terpenes and various cannabinoids that help provide a pleasant and flavorful experience. From earthy, warm myrcene to the sharp taste of pinene, terpenes add a subtle yet incredible richness to the whole experience. While there are people who prefer tasteless cannabidiol isolates, we believe that full-spectrum CBD is the best way to enjoy the full CBD experience.
#3: You Might Experience Heightened Effects
A majority of the evidence available today suggests that cannabidiol might work a lot better in the context of a full-spectrum distillate. Several types of terpenes seem to interact with CBD synergistically, and there’s evidence that several ‘minor’ hemp cannabinoids work best when used alongside CBD. If you’re using cannabidiol for health benefits, then it’s safe to say that full-spectrum distillate will work best for you.
Full Spectrum CBD Distillate vs. CBD Isolate
CBD users need to understand the differences between full-spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate. The term ‘full spectrum’ here signals the critical difference between the two as it defines CBD distillate as being extracted from the hemp plant and typically retains most of the plant’s compound. On the other hand, Isolates are a single strain of cannabidiol removed from the plant and isolated from other compounds.
The main difference between the two is longevity and power. CBD’s full spectrum distillate seems to be more potent, and it’s all thanks to its team approach when it comes to remedying various maladies. CBD isolate, on the other hand, has a short life in the body and a relatively weaker impact compared to its counterpart.
Among all of the many forms of CBD, users looking to get the most therapeutic benefits out of it are sure to enjoy the CBD full spectrum distillate.